Sawicky for Delegate

Virginia House District 30: Purcellville, Waterford, Round Hill, Lovettsville, Lucketts, Middleburg, Aldie, Marshall, The Plains, Philomont


I’m going to use this website for reference materials pertaining to my campaign. The principal vehicle for campaign news will be my substack. Here I needed to post my vitae since some potential endorsers want to see it. It’s missing some recent items, but this is enough for the time being.



B.A. in English Literature, Rutgers College, New Brunswick, New Jersey.  1971.

M.A. in Economics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland.  1984.

Ph.D. in Economics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland.  1991.

Primary fields of study: public finance, comparative systems, econometrics.

Research interests:  Federal budget, tax policy, fiscal federalism, privatization, welfare reform, education, urban economic development.


TitleOn the Demand for the Public Services of State Governments
AdvisorProfessor Wallace E. Oates, University of Maryland


Doctoral Dissertation Fellow, University of Maryland, 1987-1988.

Dillard Fellow, University of Maryland, 1988-1989.

Professional Experience

September 2020 to Present

September 2007 to May 2017   August 1990 to August 2007  
Senior Research Fellow Center for Economic and Policy Research  

Assistant Director U.S. Government Accountability Office   Economist, Economic Policy Institute
February to July, 1990  Consultant to Economic Policy Institute.
September 1986 to September 1987  Consultant to U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations and National Association of Social Workers.
July 1985 to September 1986  Staff economic analyst, Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.
July 1984 to July 1985Economic analyst, Office of State and Local Finance, U.S. Treasury Department.


Married with one child; U.S. citizen.

Reviewed Manuscripts and Proposals for:

American Enterprise Institute

Contemporary Economic Policy

National Council for Research on Women

National Governors’ Association

National Science Foundation


U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations

U.S. Treasury Department, Office of Economic Policy

Other Consulting Work

American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees

National Association of Social Workers

Service Employees International Union

World Bank

Past Affiliations

Editorial Board, Working USA

National Executive Board, Americans for Democratic Action

National Tax Association

Dissertation Abstract

This study proposes improvements in the standard single-equation median voter model often used to explain public spending levels.  The improvements entail a comprehensive accounting of state revenue sources, a precise specification of state tax structure, a more general specification of congestion, attention to environmental effects on the production and consumption of public goods, and most important, allowances for an endogenous tax price and resource constraint.  Variability of the tax price is due to the erosion of the tax base, what could be identified as a “Laffer effect,” and to multi-part, closed-ended matching grants.  The extended model yields empirical results which differ from standard treatments and which call into question some of the conventional wisdom on public spending.  Specifically, the results provide greater confidence in the median voter approach, they suggest that public goods are not as subject to congestion effects as commonly believed, and they point up the dependence of common presumptions about tax deductibility and the “flypaper effect” on model specification and underlying theoretical details.  While the results pertaining to deductibility and flypaper are not sufficiently precise to settle debates around those issues, the success of the general approach does suggest new empirical techniques which may bear fruit in subsequent research.


“8 Points on Venezuela,” Jacobin Magazine, January 31, 2019.

“Affluent Americans Don’t Need A Tax-Cut When Prosperity Has By-Passed Millions,” Knight-Ridder News Service, January 6, 2000.

“Alabama, Shaken,” The Baffler, December 13, 2017.

“Alliance Against Progress,” The Baffler, July 12, 2018.

“Altered States : How the federal government can ease the states’ fiscal crisis,” Issue Brief #187, Economic Policy Institute, February 2003.

“America’s Golden Years,” with Edith Rasell and Dean Baker.  Issue Brief #125, Economic Policy Institute, April 3, 1998.

“American Unemployment Insurance Is a National Disgrace. It’s Time to Federalize It.”, Jacobin Magazine, May 12, 2021.

“An Old Idea for a Guaranteed Income Is Back in Style,” In These Times, July 26, 2021.

“An Idea Whose Time Has Returned:  Anti-recession fiscal assistance for state and local governments,” Issue Brief #117, Economic Policy Institute, October, 2001.

“And Now for Something Completely Different:  A Fiscal U-Turn,” Tax Notes, Volume 101, Number 11, December 15, 2003.

 “And Now for Something Completely Different: Progressive Tax Cuts that Republicans Can Support,” with Robert Cherry, Challenge, May-June 2001/Vol. 44, No. 3, pp. 43-60.

“Andrew Yang Is Ross Perot for Millennials,” Jacobin Magazine, September 3, 2019.

“Bad Moon Arising,”, August 25, 2005.

“Bada Bing! Equilibrium!”, May 29, 2007.

“Balanced Budget Amendment Doesn’t Make Sense,” Tax Notes, Volume 105, No. 1, p. 119, October 4, 2004.

“Balanced Budget, Unbalanced Economy.”  Testimony presented to the Subcommittee on the Constitution, Committee of the Judiciary, U.S. Senate, March 16, 1993.

“Be careful where you trim,” USA Today, March 20, 2002, p. 14A.

“Been There, Done That, Didn’t Work,” with Dean Baker.  Issue Brief, Economic Policy Institute, August 1996.

“Beneath Politics:  The Balanced Budget Amendment.”  Testimony presented to the Committee on Appropriations, U.S. Senate, February 17, 1994.

“Bernie Gets Socialistic,” Jacobin Magazine, May 7, 2018.

“Biden’s First 100 Days Have Been a Tale of Two Presidencies,” In These Times, April 29, 2021.

“Biden Needs to Spend Big—And Fast. Here Are Four Immediate Priorities,” In These Times, December 18, 2020.

“Big Deficit, Little Deficit: The Bush Budget and Social Security,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, March 23, 2005.

“’Brick ‘N Mortar’ Stores, Cyber Challenged Say It’s High Time To Plug,” Sunday Oklahoman, May 14, 2000.

“Bridge To Nowhere,” In These Times, Volume 21, Number 14, May 26-June 8, 1997, p. 9.

Bridging the Tax Gap: Addressing the Crisis in Tax Administration (ed), Economic Policy Institute, April 2006.

“The Budget Arithmetic Test:  Repairing Federal Fiscal Policy,” with Lee Price, Briefing Paper #153, Economic Policy Institute, October 13, 2004.

“The Budget Reconciliation Fight Isn’t Really About Progressives Vs. Moderates,” In These Times, September 30, 2021.

“Budgeting Beyond the Beltway:  How the Federal budget imperils state and local finance,” Issue Brief #175, Economic Policy Institute, February 14, 2002.

“Budgeting On the Brink,” Jobs & Capital, Volume IV, Spring 1995, pp. 14-18.  Milken Institute for Jobs and Capital Formation.

“The Budget and the Political Imagination Deficit,” The Baffler, February 9, 2018.

“Budget Surplus?  What to Do With the Surplus,” Challenge, January/February 1998.

“The bulls-eye is on efficient government: the IRS, small business, and tax administration,” testimony before House of Representatives, Committee on Small Business, April 5, 2006.

“The Bush administration’s cut was extravagant, and federal dollars could be better spent elsewhere,” San Antonio Express-News, October 13, 2002.

“Bush Administration Policies and the Deficit,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, February 6, 2006.

“Bush Budget Baloney,” The Progressive Populist, Vol. 10, No. 4, March 1, 2004.

Bush budget folly:  Skimping on trains is bad for everyone,” Providence Journal, February 27, 2004.

“Bush’s Deficits,” TomPaine.Com,, February 14, 2003.

“Bush’s Numbers Are Way Out of Balance,” Houston Chronicle, October 28, 2000.

“Bush Tax Changes Wreck the Budget,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, August 29, 2007.

“Business-Run Schools:  A Leap of Faith,” The Education Digest.  April, 1997, Volume 62, No. 8, pp. 29-33.

“By All Means, Means Test,” In These Times, April 27, 2021.

“Can Liberals Give Peace a Chance?” The Baffler, June 18, 2018.

“Can Unions Make It in the Market? Contractors and Competition in Social Service Provision,” New Zealand Journal of Industrial Relations, Spring 1998.

“The Candidates’ Policies On Inequality: A No-Bullshit Guide,” Jacobin Magazine, August 3, 2019.

“Capital Budgeting.”  Presentation at conference of Jerome Levy Economics Institute, Bard College, June 29, 1992.

“Capital for the People?” Jacobin Magazine, October 24, 2018.

“Capitalism Is Killing Liberal Democracy,” Jacobin Magazine, January 16, 2020.

“The Case Against Dramatic Deficit Reduction,” presentation before Coalition on Human Needs, December 6, 1994.

“The Case for Kucinich,” The Progressive Populist, March 15, 2004.

“Clinton Saves but Nixon Invests,”, April 11, 2007.

“Collision Course:  The Bush Budget and Social Security,” Briefing Paper # 156, Economic Policy Institute, March 16, 2005.

“The Coming GOP Meltdown,” The Progressive Populist, Volume 10, No. 10, June 1, 2004.

Conference Introduction, Privatization:  Trends, Evidence, Alternatives, Washington, D.C., January 11, 2001.

“Congress! The Musical,” Knight-Ridder News Service, October 2000.

“Congress’ Plan to Fix the Marriage Penalty Is Unfair to Single Parents,” Boston Globe, July 29, 2000.

“Congressional budget resolution takes the deficit from bad to worse,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, March 31, 2004.

“Consumption Taxation as a Strategy for Equality.”  Working Paper, March 17, 1997.

“Contracting Out,” address to training session of International Federation of Professional and Technical Engineers, May 2001.

“The Contract With America.”  Panel presentation at Congressional Black Caucus Foundation forum on Contract With America, 2/16/95.

“Contracting Out and Public Sector Efficiency.”  Testimony presented to Washington State Commission on Privatization, Olympia, Wa., July 20, 1993.

“Contracting in the Federal Sector.”  Testimony presented to Commercial Activities Panel, U.S. General Accounting Office, Washington, D.C., June 11, 2001.

“Critical Race Theory is not what its critics suggest it is,” Loudoun Times-Mirror, April 22, 2021.

“The Current Infrastructure Debate,” talk before Rebuild America Coalition, Washington, D.C., October 1997.

“Death and Taxes: who pays the estate tax and how much,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, September 8, 2005.

“Debt and Taxes:  A few things are certain with Bush’s latest budget,” The American Prospect Online, February 11, 2005.

“Defense Spending Should Be Decreased,” with Jeff Faux.  In America’s Defense:  Opposing Viewpoints, Carol Wekesser (ed).  San Diego, CA:  Greenhaven Press, 1991.

“Deficit Delirium:  The Bogus Debate over Balancing the Budget.”  Speech before Labor Resource Center, City University of New York, January 27, 1995.

“Deficit Reduction for Growth and Fairness,” with Jeff Faux.  Briefing Paper, Economic Policy Institute, August 1990.

“Defund the Police? Turning a Slogan into Policy,” Democratic Left, June 15, 2020.

“Delayed Tax Cuts Don’t Equal Tax Increase,” Wichita Eagle, February 26, 2002.

“Democratic Economics.”  Testimony presented to Democratic Convention delegates of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa., June 29, 1992.

“Democrats Are Wasting Precious Time with a Measly “Bipartisan” Infrastructure Deal,” In These Times, June 24, 2021.

“The Democrats’ Half-Assed Answer to the Trump Tax Cuts,” Jacobin Magazine, February 2, 2018.

Devolving Federal Program Responsibilities and Revenue Sources to State and Local Governments (A-104), Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, with Mark David Menchik.  March 1986.

“Dilemmas of Fixing the Marriage Penalty,” Los Angeles Daily News, September 2000.

“Do It Yourself Tax Cuts:  The Crisis in U.S. Tax Enforcement,” Briefing Paper # 160, Economic Policy Institute, April 12, 2005.

“Does America Need Cities?”  Speech before Urban Leaders conference of National Education Association, Washington, D.C., February 24, 1992.

“Doing the Budget Right,” USA Today, January 19, 1999.

“Don’t Kid Yourself:  Whoever Wins, Taxes Rise,” Charlotte Observer, December 13, 2003.

“Drawing A Line:  Stop the Bail-Out, I Want to Get Off.”  The Progressive Populist.  February, 1998, Volume 4, Number 2.

“Earned Income Credit Should Be Expanded Even Further,” St. Paul Pioneer-Press, February 7, 2000.

“The Easy Money,” The American Prospect Online, May 22, 2005.

“Economic Growth and the Pursuit of Equity.”  Speech before National Legal Aid Defenders Association, Washington, D.C., March 1, 1992.

“The Economic Environment for Public Spending.”  Speech before conference of New Initiatives for Full Employment, New York, N.Y., April 11, 1992.

“Economic Policy for 1992.”  Presentation before candidates conference of Democrats 2000, Washington, D.C., January 31, 1992.

“The Economy, the Poor, and What To Do.”  Speech before conference of National Legal Aid Defenders Association, Monterey, Ca, September 23, 1992.

“Efficiency Beats Ideology: Economizing in the Public Sector,” testimony before Subcommittee on Government Management, Information and Technology, House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, 1998.  Also in The Outlook, International Federation of Professional and Technical Engineers, Volume 55, No. 5, September/October 1998.

“Eight Steps to Deficit Reduction for Growth and Fairness,” with Jeff Faux.  Briefing Paper, Economic Policy Institute, October 1990.

“Empowerment and Government.”  Presentation at conference of the Institute for Policy Studies and the Wolfson Center, New School for Social Research, New York, N.Y., October 28, 1991.

The End of Welfare?  Consequences of Federal Devolution for the Nation (ed).  Armonk, NY:  M.E. Sharpe, 2000.

“Energy Taxes and the Clinton Budget.”  Presentation at conference of environmental activists, Washington, D.C., February 19, 1993.

“Energy Taxes and Fiscal Policy.”  Presentation at conference of Environmental and Energy Study Institute and the Alliance to Save Energy, Washington, D.C., December 10, 1992.

“Ensuring Economic Development for Maryland,” testimony before the Committee on Economic Development, State House of Delegates, Maryland State Government, Annapolis, MD.

“Entitlements,” presentation at Social Security Summit, Colorado College, October 14-15, 1998.

“Entitlements and the Federal Budget.”  Presentation at conference of American Association of Retired Persons, December 5, 1994.

“Entitlements In Danger.”  Speech to Gray Panthers of Montgomery County, MD., October 8, 1994.

“Everything You Need To Know About The Next Recession,” The Huffington Post, November 29, 2019.

“Excise Taxes:  Not Regressive?”  Briefing Paper #15, Economic Policy Institute, July 24, 1990.

“A Fair Share for New York City: A Case for Equity,” Testimony before the City Council of New York City, Washington, D.C., May 21, 2003.

“Falling corporate tax revenues push budget deficits even higher,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, July 14, 2004.

“Falling Flat:  The Dubious Case for the Flat Tax,” Issue Brief #110, Economic Policy Institute, January 17, 1996.

“Family Tax Relief:  The Unfinished Agenda,” presentation on Capitol Hill, 1539 Longworth, Washington, D.C., October 15, 2002.

“Fatal Vision:  The Budget Resolutions of 1995,” Issue Brief #106, Economic Policy Institute, May 23, 1995.

“The Federal Budget.”  Speech before Political Action Committee, District Council 37, American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, New York, NY.  December, 1990.

“The Federal Budget,” presentation at Public, Healthcare and Education Conference, Communications Workers of America, Tucson, Arizona, June 2003.

“The Federal Budget and Illinois,” speech at Annual Fiscal Symposium of Center for Tax and Budget Accountability, Chicago, Illinois, January 22, 2003.

“The Federal Budget Debate:  Infernal Symbiosis,” Foreign Policy In Focus,, March 14, 2003.

“The Federal Budget Mess,” speech before American Association of State College Administrators, Washington, D.C., April 20, 1994.

“Federal Budget Mess,” presentation to Congressional Fellows Program, Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, Washington, D.C., February 6, 2004.

“Federal Budget Trends,” speech before conference of Americans for Democratic Action, Washington, D.C., February 10, 1993.

“Federal Fiscal Policy,” presentation before State Public Policy Directors, Evangelical Lutherans of America.

“Federal Mandates:  Unfunded or Unloved,” presentation before Committee on Government Operations, U.S. Senate, April 28, 1994.

“Fighting Recession:  Fiscal Assistance for State and Local Governments,” Economic Policy Institute, December 2001, and Challenge, Vol. 45, No. 2, March/April 2002.

“Financing the Metropolis:  A Rough Guide.”  Presentation before Urban Task Force, American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, Washington, D.C., September 13, 1993.

“The Fiscal Responsibility Act,” in Defending the Family, National Leadership Meeting, National Rainbow Coalition, January 5-7, 1995.

“A Fish Is Not a Fowl: Tax credits and the minimum wage,” Briefing Paper 183, Economic Policy Institute, February 27, 2007.

“Five Easy Pieces on the Economics of Tax Justice,” in Political Economy and Contemporary Capitalis: Radical Perspectives on Economic Theory and Policy, Ron Baiman, Heather Boushey, and Dawn Saunders (eds), Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2000.

“The Flat Tax and Fiscal Policy,” presentation to Omicron Delta Epsilon, Department of Economics, Howard University, May 6, 1996.

“Foul Shot,” The Baffler, March 7, 2018.

“France: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back,”, May 7, 2007.

“Free Trade, Unfree People.”  Testimony presented to Committee on Government Operations, U.S. House of Representatives, July 27, 1993.

“From Military Spending to Civilian Investment,” with Jeff Faux.  Social Policy, Guest Editorial.  Summer, 1990.

“Frozen,” The Baffler, January 22, 2018.

“The Fruits of One’s Labor,”, May 13, 2005.

“Fuel for thought: the high cost of energy,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, November 1, 2006.

“The Future of Consumption,” Mother Jones, symposium with Bill McKibben, December 1997.

“The General Store of the U.S.A.”: a review of People’s Republic of Walmart: How the World’s Biggest Corporations Are Laying the Foundation for Socialism, by Leigh Phillips & Michael Rozworski. The American Prospect, July 5, 2019.

“Giving Tax Credit Where Credit Is Due:  A ‘Universal Unified Child Credit’ that expands the EITC and cuts taxes for working families,” with Robert Cherry, Briefing Paper #91, Economic Policy Institute, April 15, 2000.

“Go Ahead, Cut My Taxes,” In These Times, July 14, 1997, Volume 21, Number 17, pp. 9-10.

“Going Flat,”,, June 26, 2003.  Reprinted in The Progressive Populist, Volume 9, No. 14, August 1-15, 2003.

 “The Good-For-Nothing Budget,” with Dean Baker, Jeff Faux, and Edith Rasell. Issue Brief #117, May 14, 1997, Economic Policy Institute.

“The Good-For-Nothing Budget,” Intellectual Capital, June 12, 1997.

“Government Loses When Taxes Go Unpaid,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, April 13, 2005.

“Grappling with the Market”: a review of Economics in Two Lessons: Why Markets Work So Well, and Why They Can Fail So Badly, by John Quiggin. Jacobin Magazine, August 15, 2019.

“The Great Resignation Is Just Hype,” In These Times, January 14, 2022.

“The Half-Baked Budget Debate,” Danbury News-Times, November 3, 1999.

“Hands Off Medicaid!”, The Progressive Populist, April 15, 2017.

“Healthy? Don’t Click,”, April 25, 2007.

“Healthcare’s biggest losers: Which states are harmed the most under the Senate TrumpCare plan?” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, July 6, 2017.

“Healthcare’s biggest losers, part two: How the Senate’s TrumpCare bill can increase your state taxes,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, July 13, 2017.

The Hidden Costs of Channel One:  Estimates for the Fifty States.  With Alex Molnar, University of Wisconsin/Milwaukee, Center for the Analysis of Commercialism in Education, April 1, 1998.

“The High Road to Low Unemployment:  How short-term deficits can create a high-employment budget,” Issue Brief #176, Economic Policy Institute, April 8, 2002.  Reprinted in The Progressive Populist, Volume 8, Number 10, June 1, 2002.

“Hillary Clinton Unbowed,” The Huffington Post, October 20, 2017.

“How Do You Spell Relief?” with Robert Denk, The American Prospect, Volume 12, Issue 5, March 12-26, 2001.

“How Do You Spell Tax Relief:  E-I-T-C,” St. Paul Pioneer Press, Delaware State News, St. Paul Pioneer Press, Wisconsin State Journal, Columbia Missouri Tribune, and Sunday Advocate (Baton Rouge, LA),  January 31, 2000.

“How the Critical Race Theory Scaremongering Failed in Virginia,” The New Republic, August 30, 2021.

“How to Make Joe Biden’s Budget Better, Part I: Send Money Now!” Center for Economic and Policy Research, January 11, 2021.

“How to Make Joe Biden’s Budget Better Part II: Public Investment and the Green New Deal — Do Everything!” Center for Economic and Policy Research, February 3, 2021.

“How to Make Joe Biden’s Budget Better Part III: Financing a Green New Deal,” Center for Economic and Policy Research, March 22, 2021.

“How to Spot a Progressive Tax Cut,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, May 31, 2006.

“How Trump Builds: On the Hollow Promise of #InfrastructureWeek,” Boston Review, June 28, 2017.

“How Would a Populist Tax?”, Democracy Journal, May 8, 2017.

“I Still Know What You Did Last Summer,” The Baffler, October 31, 2017.

“Illyrian Firms under Taxes.” Paper in fulfillment of requirements for M.A., University of Maryland, June 1984.

“Immediate Stimulus Is Missing,” with Randall Dodd, St. Paul Pioneer Press, February 13, 2001, Charleston Gazette, February 4, 2001.

“Immigration? A Surging Birth Rate”, June 6, 2007.

“Improving With Age: Financing Government in the 21st Century,” Americans for Democratic Action, August 2007.

“If You Read One Post About Labor Force Participation This Decade, Let It Be This One,” Mother Jones, April 24, 2015.

“In Defense of the Earned Income Tax Credit,” Center for Economic and Policy Research, May 26, 2020.

“Income Tax Cuts:  Who Needs ‘Em?” USA Today, LA Daily News, Newark Star-Ledger, January 6, 2000.

“Infrastructure.”  Speech before Council of Infrastructure Financing Authorities, March 1991.

“The Infrastructure and Budget Bills Are a Watershed in U.S. Economic Doctrine,” In These Times, August 11, 2021.

“Infrastructure, Growth, and the Federal Budget.”  In Operations and Demand Management Programs to Enhance Mobility, Papers from the ITE 1991 International Conference, Institute of Transportation Engineers, New Orleans, La., March 6, 1991.

“International Cooperation and U.S. Fiscal Policy after Communism.”  Testimony presented to the Committee on the Budget, U.S. House of Representatives, December 5, 1991.

“Initial Findings in the ACIR Study of Poverty and Welfare Reform,” U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.  November 1986.

“Introduction,” in The End of Welfare?  Consequences of Federal Devolution for the Nation, Max B. Sawicky (ed), Armonk, N.Y.:  M.E. Sharpe, 2000.

“Investing the Peace Dividend:  How to Break the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Stalemate,” with Jeff Faux.  Economic Policy Institute, Briefing Paper, May 1990.

“Is Bush’s Tax Cut Plan Fair to All Taxpayers?”  Charleston Sunday Gazette Mail, October 29, 2000.

“Is Trump a Populist?”, The Baffler, February 15, 2017.

“It Takes a Tax Credit to Raise a Child,” The American Prospect, Volume 12, Issue 1, January 1-15, 2001.

“It’s Not Just Trump: The Neoliberal Roots of the Postal Service Crisis,” In These Times, August 20, 2020.

“John Bolton is My Hero? Or, Don’t Knock Impeachment,” Democratic Left, November 21, 2019.

“K Street Taxpocalypse,” The Baffler, December 4, 017.

“The Late, Great Income Tax,”, April 15, 2005.

“Leap of Faith:  Hiring Business to Manage Public Schools,” The School Administrator, Number 1, Volume 54, January 1997.

“The Left Case for Impeachment,” Jacobin Magazine, December 16, 2019.

“The Left Has Slightly Loosened the Cold Grip of Austerity Under President Biden,” Jacobin Magazine, February 16, 2021.

“Let’s stop the senseless talk of privatizing air traffic control,” MarketWatch, March 5, 2019.

“The Liberal Case Against a Universal Basic Income,” Roosevelt Institute, December 17, 2013.

“A Liberal Dose of Fiscal Discipline,” Working USA, forthcoming; also presented at meetings of the Eastern Economic Association, February 2004.

“Liberaltarianism” Is a Sideshow, Jacobin Magazine, December 4, 2017.

“Like a fish needs a bicycle—Does a minimum wage increase require new business tax cuts?” Issue Brief #131, Economic Policy Institute, January 31, 2007.

Local Perspectives on State-Local Highway Cooperation and Highway Turnbacks:  A Preliminary Reconnaissance Based on Survey Responses from State Associations of Local Officials (SR-4), Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, with John Kincaid.  June 1987.

“Looking at Impeachment From the Left,” Jacobin Magazine, October 1, 2019.

“Lost In Findings:  A Critique of the Interim Report of the Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and Tax Reform.”  Briefing Paper #51, Economic Policy Institute, 1994.

“Low Visibility: The Fate of Air Traffic Control Privatization,” Center for Economic and Policy Research, February 4, 2016.

“The Mail Must Go Through,” Marietta Daily Journal, December 16, 2020.

“Making Illinois Taxes More Family-Friendly,” Issue Brief #151, Economic Policy Institute, February 2001.

“Making Minnesota Taxes More Family-Friendly,” Issue Brief #147, Economic Policy Institute, October 2000.

“Making Sausage of Salazar,” The Baffler, September 18, 2018.

“Making Tax Cuts Work for Working Families,” EPI Journal, Winter 2001.

“Making Work Pay with Tax Reform,” with Robert Cherry, Issue Brief #173, Economic Policy Institute, December 21, 2001.

“Marriage Tax Bill Not That Helpful,” Los Angeles Daily News, September 18, 2000.

“Measuring Mandates,” address to conference of U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, Washington, DC, March 6, 1996.

Measuring State Fiscal Capacity:  Alternative Methods and their Uses (M-150), Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, with Carol Cohen and Mark David Menchik.  Introduction, Chapters I-III.  September, 1986;

Measuring State Fiscal Capacity (M-156), Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, with Mark David Menchik, David L. Chicoine, and J. Fred Giertz.  Appendix A.  December, 1987.

“Medicare: Redefining a Covenant,” Washington Post, Letter to the Editor, October 1, 1995.

“Meeting the Needs of the Twenty-first Century Workplace,” testimony before the Committee on Education and the Workforce, Washington, D.C., June 24, 1998.

“Macro Policy Lessons from the Recent Recession,” with Christian Weller and Josh Bivens, Challenge, Volume 47, Number 3, May-June 2004.

“Minimum wage, maximum pork,” Business Week, February 29, 2007.

“The Mirage of Welfare Reform,” in Welfare, The Working Poor, and Labor, Louise Simmons (ed), M.E. Sharpe, 2004.

“A Modest Budget Proposal: Tying Congressional Pay to Wages of the Poor Could Jump-Start Economy,” Charlotte Observer, January 23, 2002; also published in Fort Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, January 22, 2002; Columbia (M0) Daily Tribune, January 22, 2002; and Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, January 28, 2002.

“Moving On Up?  Tax Reform and Minority-Owned Business,” statement submitted to the Committee on Small Business, Subcommittee on Empowerment, U.S. House of Representatives, July 21, 1997.

“Nation Building and School Expansion Under the Fragile French State,” with Bruce Fuller, Jerald Hage, and Maurice A. Garnier.  Social Forces, June 1992, 70(4), pp. 923-936.

“The National Economy,” in Reinventing Prosperity, Todd Shafer and Jeff Faux (eds), Economic Policy Institute, 1996.

“National sales tax could prove to be boon or bust,” The Detroit News, p. 17A, August 22, 2004.

“The New Inflation Scare Is the Dumbest Thing Since Voodoo Economics,” In These Times, November 16, 2021.

“The Next Tax Reform:  Advancing Tax Benefits for Families with Children,” with Robert Cherry and Robert Denk, draft, 2002.

“New Budget Is a Shaky Balancing Act,” Newsday, Sunday Focus, February 16, 1997.

“A New Definition of Fiscal Capacity: Total Taxable Resources.”  Presented at National Tax Association panel at American Economic Association meetings, January 1986.

“No Go,” Jacobin Magazine, January 3, 2019.

“No, Pensions Aren’t All Collapsing, and We Don’t Need To Scrap Them,” In These Times, January 25, 2018.

“The New Paradigm.”  Speech before Service Employees International Union, Washington, D.C., February 9, 1992.

 “New Tax Cuts Put the Squeeze on Kids,” Newsday.  Sunday Focus, June 23, 1997.

“The Next Great Theft?”, October 13, 2005.

“To Curb This Crisis, Biden Needs to Spend Big—And Fast. Here Are 4 Immediate Priorities.” In These Times, December 18, 2020.

“To fight climate change in the middle of this economic crisis, we need a New Deal that is green,” MarketWatch, February 10, 2021.

“Obamacare Isn’t Causing an Increase in Part-Time Employment, In One Chart,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, October 3, 2013.

“Offset This,”, September 23, 2005.

“Old Europe Works,”, May 24, 2007.

“An Old Idea for a Guaranteed Income Is Back in Style,” In These Times, July 26, 2021.

“On Private Sector Involvement in Public Transportation,” testimony before the Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Natural Resources, and Regulatory Affairs, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives, May 18, 2004.

“Outsourcing,” testimony at hearing on the Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act, Subcommittee on Government Management, Information and Technology, Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, U.S. House of Representatives, August 6, 1998.

“Painted Into a Corner:  An Analysis of the Clinton Administration FY95 Budget.”  With Dean Baker, Jeff Faux, and Todd Schafer.  Briefing Paper, Economic Policy Institute, February 7, 1994.

“Pass the Popcorn for Republican Tax Reform,” Democracy Journal, April 7, 2017.

“Paying For Socialism,” Jacobin Magazine, September 20, 2018.

“The Peace Dividend.”  Speech before Montgomery County Peace Action Committee.  November, 1990.

“The Perils of Economic Boosterism,” The New Republic, February 17, 2020.

“Plan, Market, and Wal-Market,” Democratic Left, May 21, 2019.

“Plenty of Nothing in Federal Budget Plans,” Newsday, October 4, 1998.

“Politics and Privatization.” Presentation at meetings of the American Society for Public Administration, Washington, D.C., October 11, 1991.

“Politics Is Not Arithmetic,” Jacobin Magazine, September 9, 2019.

“Poor Reasons for a Tax Cut,” Washington Post, Letter to the Editor, August 28, 1999.

“The Pope’s Intellectual Challenge,”, April 4, 2005.

“Populist Politics:  A Review of The New Populist Reader,” Review of Radical Political Economics, Fall 1998, pp. 170-173.

“Postal Service Reform: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back?” Center for Economic and Policy Research, May 5, 2021.

“A Postscript on the New Budget Outlook,” Electronic Policy Network, January 26, 1998.

“The Poverty of the New Paradigm.”  Briefing Paper #18, Economic Policy Institute, January, 1991.

“The President’s Tax Reform Panel: Increased Burdens for Working Families, Less Tax for the Wealthiest Americans,” Economic Policy Institute, Briefing Paper #169, October 31, 2005.

“Privatization.”  Speech before Kansas Council on Privatization, Topeka, Kansas., October 13, 1994.

“Privatization:  Myth and Reality.”  Speech before Maryland Public Employees Coalition, Linthicum, Md., January 6, 1993.

“Progressive Capitalism Is Impossible”: a review of People, Power and Profits: Progressive Capitalism for an Age of Discontent by Joseph E. Stiglitz. Jacobin Magazine, April 23, 2020.

“A Progressive Look at Consumption Taxation,” draft.  Presented at meetings of the American Economic Association, January 1998, Chicago.

“Progressive Tax Cuts,” addresses at James Madison University, February 28, 2001; Americans for Democratic Action, March 10, 2001; Institute for Policy Studies, March 16, 2001; Drew University, March 22, 2001; Progressive Budget Forum, March 29, 2001;

“Pros and Cons of Privatization.”  Presentation to workshop of American Federation of Teachers, Washington D.C., May 13, 1994.

“Prospects for the Economy and Teacher Organizing.”  Speech before National Education Association, Washington, D.C., October 2, 1991.

“Public Assistance in the Federal System: Considerations for National Welfare Reform, Part I,” Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.  Docket Book, June 1987.

“Public Assistance in the Federal System, Part II,” Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, with Ron Oakerson.  Docket Book of 23rd Meeting, September 1987.

“Public Investment in Cities.”  Roundtable participant with Herman Cain, Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, U.S. Senate, May 8, 1992.

“Putting school renovation on a fast track,” with Doug Harris, Issue Brief #167, Economic Policy Institute, November 2, 2001.

“Red Ink Rising,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, September 21, 2005.

“Refundable Tax Credits:  A Do-It-Yourself Kit,” presentation at conference at Urban Institute, February 15, 2001.

“Regulating Regulation:  The Question of Federal Mandates.”  Testimony delivered to the Committee on Government Operations, U.S. Senate, April 28, 1994.

Report on the National Association of Social Workers Welfare Reform Meeting, February 26-27, 1987, National Association of Social Workers.

“Resist the Temptation,” USA Today, January 26, 2001.

“Responses to the Contract With America,'” in Defending the Family:  Progressive Strategies.  National Rainbow Coalition, National Leadership Meeting, January 5-7, 1995.

“Rethinking the tax benefits for homeowners,” Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, November 21, 2005.

“Reverse Robin Hoods,” The Baffler, November 3, 2017.

“The Rights of Bill,” on-line debate with Ann Lewis, The American Prospect,, July 2, 2004.

Risky Business:  Private Management of Public Schools.  With Craig E. Richards and Rima Shore.  Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute, 1996.

The Roots of the Public Sector Fiscal Crisis.  Washington, D.C.:  Economic Policy Institute, 1991.

“Running Scare from Inflation Is a Recipe for Ruining the Economy,” In These Times, December 16, 2021.

“The Russia House,” The Baffler, December 12, 2016.

“Russia to Our Right,” The Baffler, January 11, 2017.

“The Sanders Strategy,” The Baffler, November 18, 2016.

“Save the States,” Center for Economic and Policy Research, May 31, 2020.

“Seattle Stew:  Why You Won’t Like the WTO,”  Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service, December 3, 1999.  Ran as “WTO PROTESTERS REPRESENT THE CONSCIENCE OF AMERICA,” The Sun-Herald (Biloxi, Mississippi), December 6, 1999.

“Seizing an Investment Opportunity,” Intellectual Capital, March 20, 1998.

“Send More People!” Jacobin Magazine, June 22, 2018.

“Sex, Lies, and Tax Reform,” Knight-Ridder News Service and Electronic Policy Network, 1998.

“Should Congress Cut Taxes? – Tax Dollars Better Spent in Classroom, on Health Care,” Journal Star (Peoria, IL), February 6, 2000.

“Should Congress Enact George Bush’s Tax Cut Proposal?”  Newark Star-Ledger, January 9, 2000.

“Should Congress scrap tax cuts for the wealthy?”, Duluth News Tribune, February 25, 2002; also appeared in Wichita Eagle (February 26, 2002), The Herald (Monterey County, CA, February 24, 2002), Sunday Gazette Mail (Charleston, SC, March 3, 2002.

“Should e-commerce be taxed?”  Holland Sentinel, May 7, 2000.

“Should Europe Import US Supply-Side Economics?”  in The Search for Equity:  Welfare and Security in the Global Economy,  David Foden and Peter Morris (eds).  London:  Lawrence and Wishart, 1998.

“Should Presidential candidates support large tax cuts?”  Duluth News Tribune, October 30, 2000.

Show me the money:  Evidence is sorely lacking that the Bush Administration’s proposed A-76 rules for contracting will bring budget savings,” Briefing Paper #145, Economic Policy Institute, October 2003.

“The Silent Treatment,” The Baffler, June 8, 2017.

“Small Man in a Memory Hole,” The Baffler, June 14, 2017.

“Social Investment and the Budget Debate,” with Jeff Faux, Issue Brief #134, Economic Policy Institute, September 2000.

“Social Security: Long May It Wave,” Center for Economic and Policy Research, September 13, 2021.

“The Socialist Revival,” Public Seminar, January 26, 2022.

“Spend the surplus now,” USA Today, ‘Opposing View,’ January 19, 1999, p. 16A.

“The State We’re In,” Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service, February 2002.

“A Student’s Guide to the Deficit Problem.”  Presentation at national legislative conference of U.S. Student Association on Federal budget, March 19, 1995.

Studies of Federal-State-Local Fiscal Relations, Office of State and Local Finance, U.S. Department of the Treasury, “Measuring the Fiscal Capacities of State and Local Governments,” Chapter VIII, Section A, and portions of Chapter II, “Principles of Fiscal Federalism,” September 1985.

“The Sunset of Neoliberalism,” Jacobin Magazine, August 24, 2019.

“Syriana,” The Baffler, April 16, 2018.

“Ta-Nehisi Coates And ‘The First White President’: An Alternate View,” The Huffington Post, September 19, 2017.

“Taming the spending beast: How can Congress reassert control over the U.S. budget? Downsize defence,” Riverside Press-Enterprise, November 20, 2005.

“Tax Burdens of the Untaxed,” Tax Notes, Volume 102, Number 12, March 22, 2004.  Also presented to the Democratic Task Force on Children and Working Families, House and Senate Joint Hearing, February 11, 2004.

“Tax Credit Plan Needs a Little Work,” Wisconsin State Journal, February 14, 2000.

“Tax Credits,” presentation to meeting of Association for Applied Public Policy, Dallas, Texas, November 2002.

“Tax Credits for Families with Children,” address to public forum of the Illinois Tax Accountability Project, Chicago, IL, February 22, 2001.

“Tax Credits ‘R Us,” Tax Notes, Volume 99, Number 3, April 21, 2003.

“Tax cuts don’t equal tax increase… ,” Wichita Eagle, February 26, 2002.

 “Tax Cuts for the Untaxed,” address to National Economists Club, Washington, D.C., March 1, 2001.

“Tax Cuts Like O’Hare,” EPI Viewpoints,, July 30, 2001.

“Tax Cuts the GOP Rejected,” Standard-Times, October 13, 1999.

“Tax Proposals Good for Rich, Bad for Poor,” Riverside Press-Enterprise, April 15, 2001.

“Tax Simplification Is Complicated,” USA Today, April 7, 2000.

“The Tax That Tolls for Thee,” Birmingham News, April 15, 1999.

“Taxing the EU Back to Work,” New Economy, Winter 1997, 262-267.

“The trouble with economics,”, May 31, 2007.

“There Are Limits to Government Spending, But We Haven’t Reached Them Yet,” In These Times, January 4, 2019.

“There Is No Pension Crisis,” Jacobin Magazine, February 13, 2018.

“These States: Federal-State-Local Fiscal Relations in the Wake of the Pandemic-Recession,” Center for Economic and Policy Research, January 19, 2022.

“This Bud’s for You: A Case for the Highway Bill,” Electronic Policy Network, 1998.

“Thoughts on Bowman, the Left, and Palestine,” The Washington Socialist, January 14, 2022.

“The ‘Total Taxable Resources’ Definition of State Revenue-Raising Ability,” in Studies of Federal-State-Local Fiscal Relations, Technical Appendices. Office of State and Local Finance, U.S. Department of the Treasury, September 1986.

“Time to Plug,” Daily Oklahoman and American News (Aberdeen, SD), May 10, 2000.

“The Transgender Bugaboo,” Loudoun Times-Mirror, October 28, 2021.

“Trump, Pumped and Dumped,” The Baffler, May 17, 2017.

“Trump Trolls the Welfare State,” The Baffler, March 17, 2017.

“Two Cheers for MMT,” The Washington Socialist, April 25, 2021.

“Two Steps Forward, One Step Back: Grading Biden’s Build Back Better Deal,” In These Times, November 2, 2021.

“UBI, the Unknown Ideal”: a review of Give People Money: How A Universal Basic Income Would End Poverty, Revolutionize Work, And Remake The World, by Annie Lowrey. Jacobin Magazine, September 17, 2018.

“Unconventional Wisdom on the Federal Budget Deficit.”  Presentation before conference of Coalition on Human Needs, December 6, 1994.

“Unions and Labor Standards: Postcards from an Ailing Economy,” Economic Policy Institute, Policy Memo, November 1, 2006.

“Unrealistic Expectations for the Federal Budget,” with Lee Price, Economic Snapshot, Economic Policy Institute, October 13, 2004.

“Unmasking the Flat Tax,” address to the Madison Institute, Madison, Wisconsin, April 25, 1998.

“Up From Debt Reduction,” The Progressive Populist, Volume 7, Number 16, September 15, 2001.

Up From Deficit Reduction.  Washington, D.C.:  Economic Policy Institute, 1994.

“Up From Deficit Reduction,” presentation to National Economists Club, Washington, D.C., December 6, 1994.

“U.S. Cities Face Fiscal Crunch,” Issue Brief 181, Economic Policy Institute, June 13, 2002.

“The US Postal Service Is a National Asset: Don’t Trash It,” Center for Economic and Policy Research, September 29, 2020.

“U.S. Privatization,” presentation at conference of Otaru University of Commerce, Evolving Roles of Government in Japan and the United States:  Social Welfare, Public Credit, and Financial Regulations,  Washington, D.C., August 30, 1996.

“U.S. Welfare Reform:  Learning Experience or Exercise in Self-Delusion?”  Presentation at conference, “The Welfare State and Market Logic” sponsored by Institute of Social Science, University of Tokyo, July 27, 2002.

“The Value of AFDC and Other Means-Tested Transfer Programs.”  Presentation to panel on welfare reform at the Annual Institute of the American Society for Public Administration, Capital District Chapter, New York State.  April 30, 1987.

“Veto On Eliminating Marriage Tax Was Right,” Telegraph Herald (Dubuque, IA), September 20, 2000.

“Wack Political Economy,” The Baffler, August 1, 2017.

“We Can’t Fix the Budget If We’re Scared,” Newsday, February 9, 2000.

“Welfare Privatization Plan Is Texans’ Greased Piglet,” Houston Chronicle, May 5, 1997.

“Welfare Reform.”  Speech before Annual Institute of American Society for Public Administration, Capital District Chapter, 4/30/87.  Albany, New York.

“What Congress Won’t Do,” Newark Star-Ledger, Modesto Bee, San Diego Union-Tribune, Dayton Daily News, Austin American-Statesman, October 17, 1999.

“What’s NEWP?  A Guiding Theory of the New Right,” Social Policy, Vol. 22, No. 3, Winter 1992.

“What Is Privatization?”  Presentation before seminar of American Federation of Government Employees, July 13, 1995, Washington, D.C.

“What to Do with the Surplus,” Challenge, Vol. 41, No. 1, January-February 1998, 59-68.

“When Goo-Goos Attack,” The Baffler, September 23, 2016.

“Where the Money Isn’t : Misplaced focus of tax enforcement could be remedied by simplifying credits for children,” Issue Brief #183, Economic Policy Institute, October 2002.

“Which Tax Cut?”  Houston Chronicle, October 29, 2000.

“Who Wants to Stay a Millionaire?”  Los Angeles Times, July 3, 2000.

“Why the Democratic Race Isn’t Close to Over,” The Daily Beast, March 8, 2020.

“Why Do Republicans Love Tax Credits? Because They Mostly Benefit Higher Earners,” The Daily Beast, April 10, 2017.

“Why Impeachment Matters,” Jacobin Magazine, December 20, 2019.

“Why the Left Needs To Stop Worrying and Learn To Love Impeachment,” In These Times, October 3, 2019.

“Why a Right-Winger Can’t Be a Populist,” The Progressive Populist, Volume 9, No. 7, April 15, 2003.

“Why Socialists Should Support the Democratic Ticket in November…” ProPublica, May 28, 2020.

“Why the Deficit Obsession Puts Government’s Mission at Risk.” Aging Today, March-April 1995.

 “Why You Won’t Like the WTO,” The Progressive Populist, Volume 6, No. 1, January 2000.

“Why Pay Down the Public Debt?”  The American Prospect, Volume 11, Issue 24, October 20, 2000.

“A Working Class Tax Cut,” UAW At Issue, March 8, 2001,

“The Wrong Way to Contrast With Trump on Trade”: a review of The Progressive Case for Free Trade, Immigration, and Global Capital by Kimberly Clausing, The American Prospect, September 6, 2019.

“U.S. Cities Face Fiscal Crunch : Federal and State Policies Exacerbate Local Governments’ Budget Shortfalls,” Issue Brief #181, Economic Policy Institute, June 2002.

“Yes, Joe Biden Has Long Pushed Cuts to Social Security. End of Story.” In These Times, January 22, 2020.

“Yes, Tax Cuts Provide Big Benefits to Rich,” Wichita Eagle, January 11, 2000.

“Yes, There Could Be a Peace Dividend,” with Jeff Faux.  Guest Editorial, Dissent.  Fall, 1990.

“Yes, Virginia, There Is a Budget Surplus,” Intellectual Capital, October 1, 1998.

You Don’t Always Get What You Pay For: The Economics of Privatization, by Elliott D. Sclar, book review, Working USA, Volume 5, No. 6, Fall 2002.

Trump Polluting the Grassroots

The story is here. I’ve been reporting on this for a while now. My own county of Loudoun, in Northern Virginia, was one of the early jumping-off places. The key national organization is the so-called “Moms for Liberty.” Their salespitch consists of transphobia, homophobia, racism, and ignorance. They focus on public school bathroom rules, the alleged teaching of “Critical Race Theory,” and purported dirty books in school libraries.

The covert agenda of the Moms is quiet advocacy against reproductive rights, a killer issue for Republicans throughout the country. That means they do not run as anti-choice, but they govern to that end when elected.

School boards are a source of candidates for state legislatures. State legislatures mark the lines of Congressional districts, making possible extreme partisan gerrymandering. That leads to the kind of House of Representatives that is incoming for 2023.

Loudoun is nationally strategic. Democrats need a big enough margin in Loudoun, as they succeeded in getting in 2020, to carry purple Virginia. One less purple state for the Democrats, when it comes to the Electoral College and presidential elections, would be fatal. Fail to win Loudoun and you get the current Republican governor, Trump ally Glenn Youngkin.

Like other states, in Virginia we have a handful of Democratic strongholds in cities and some suburbs, and a multitude of deep-red rural counties. Until the Democrats get their act together for the white component of the working class, as well as in rural areas, they need the white suburbs to compensate. This is not a strong foundation for political success in the U.S., but it’s where we are.

The anti-racist counterpart to the Moms is the Defense of Democracy group. Both of these outfits are growing nationally.

The outburst of bigotry in my own area encourages me to run for an open seat in the lower house of the Virginia state legislature. (Donate here.) I’ve been delaying a decision. All funds raised but not used for my campaign will go to the eventual Democratic candidate. Moreover, donors will not be pestered by endless subsequent emails or texts begging for more money. People tell me that is not the way to run a campaign. I don’t care.

Please Allow Me to Introduce Myself

I have neither wealth nor taste. What I do have is the need to push back against the tidal wave of bigotry that is engulfing the nation in general, thanks in great part to the Mango Mussolini, and Virginia House District 30 in particular. I’ve been exploring a run for that open HD30 seat where I live, in the lower house of the Virginia state legislature.

If you want to support this exploration, you can donate here. I’ve promised to divert all unused funds to the eventual candidate, if it isn’t me.

This website is the latest reincarnation of my old blog, “MaxSpeak, You Listen!.” Content for that blog was unintentionally erased by my web host for failure to pay a bill on time. It was not for lack of money, just an oversight. You can find fragments of the old blog on the Internet Wayback Machine. The most complete current catalog of my writing is here. My substack is here. Other words of wisdom can be found on my Twitter feed and Mastodon account (

This post is just an initial place-holder. It will be revised in due course.